Société Française d'Etudes et de Constructions de Matériels Aéronautiques Spéciaux was formed October 1952 by reorganization of Arsenal de l'Aéronautique, taking over design/production teams at Le Bourget, Villacoublay, Villeurbanne (Lyon) and former Brandt works at Châtillon sous Bagneux. SFECMAS 1402 Gerfaut series (15 January 1954) was first aircraft in world to fly supersonic on level without afterburner (3 August 1954). Led to Nord 1500 Griffon (20 September 1955). But in December 1954 merged into Nord, losing identity.

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